Component

Pagination

Pagination is the process of dividing information between multiple pages instead of showing it all on a single page; also the name usually given to the interface used for navigating between pages.

Updated November 16th, 2019

1 minute read

Table of contents

28 examples

Description

The most basic form of pagination controls are simple 'next' and 'previous' buttons. More complex solutions may include links to specific page numbers and/or the first and last pages.

Markup

Here is example mark up for pagination on a blog article listing page. This example uses links to specific, numbered pages; the user is currently on /blog?p=2, the second page of results:

<nav aria-label="Pagination">
  <ul>
    <li><a href="/blog">1</a></li>
    <li aria-current="page">2</li>
    <li><a href="/blog?p=3">3</a></li>
  </ul>
</nav>
  • As pagination is a form of navigation it should be wrapped in a <nav> element. Important note: You may come across examples where role="navigation" is placed directly to the ul element itself (e.g. this example from the Yale UI Style Guide). This is incorrect as the navigation role overrides the list semantics of the ul as well as the li items inside.1

  • Add a meaningful label such as aria-label="Pagination" to the <nav> element to differentiate it from other navigation landmarks (such as your main site navigation, or breadcrumbs).

  • Add the aria-current="page" attribute to the list item which represents the current page. As clicking on a link to the current page would do nothing but trigger a page reload, it's common for the link to be excluded here.

You can enhance the experience for users of assistive technology further by adding an accessible label to each item. Two possible ways of doing this are:

  1. By using the aria-label attribute

  2. By including text which is visually hidden, but still gets announced by screen readers (in the following example, this is done using the class, visually-hidden).

<!-- Users of screen readers will hear "Page 2" -->
<li>
  <a href="/blog?p=2" aria-label="Page 2">2</a>
</li>
<!-- Users of screen readers will hear "Current page, page 3" -->
<li aria-current="page">
  <span class="visually-hidden">Current page, page </span>3
</li>